BANNER, a recognized symbol shared by a large group of people: a family, tribe, military unit, or nation. In the Bible, banner is denoted by the word nes. Although scholars differ concerning the exact meaning of another term, degel, this term apparently designates a military unit (perhaps originally the emblem of the group). The nes was composed of two parts: a long pole with a symbol, the ʾot, carved or drawn on it. Isaiah 30:17 gives a clear description of the pole: "Till you are left like a flagstaff on the top of a mountain, like a signal (nes) on a hill." Numbers 21:8 distinguished the nes from the symbol that it bears: "Make a seraf (fiery) figure and mount it on a standard (nes)…" The nes (and the ʾot which was on it) was positioned so that the community to whom it belonged could see it from a distance and converge around it. During the period of Israel's wandering in the desert, the special design of each tribe's nes and ʾot enabled each of them to recognize and gather around its own standard and unit (Num. 2:2). The motif drawn on the ʾot was apparently related to the tradition of the community, or was significantly associated with it, in a manner similar to the totem in use among certain present-day tribal societies. The term nes is also used symbolically in the Bible to denote a sign which can be seen from a distance and can serve as a summons not only for a tribe or the nation of Israel but also for the entire world (Isa. 5:26). When the people of Israel went into exile, this concept came to be the symbol for the gathering of the exiles scattered over the face of the earth, and for the redemption of Israel in general (Jer. 4:6). The verb derived from this noun, nss, serves as a metaphoric description for divine inspiration in the soul of man (Isa. 59:19). With a meaning closer to that of the word nẓẓ, this verb also describes the landscape in which precious stones are scattered (Zech. 9:16). Many Egyptian monuments from all periods depict standards or flags attached to poles which are carried by men. The symbols which appear on these standards or flags include illustrations of gods, cartouches, and other religious symbols. Some of the standards consist of a shield of metal or some other material mounted on a pole, with a group of ribbons attached to the join of the symbol and pole. Two different types of standards are depicted on Assyrian monuments from Nineveh. The first type, consisting of a pole bearing a ring to which streamers were attached, was placed on the side of a chariot, toward the rear, in a special place designated for it. The second, consisting of a pole with an opening at the top into which the   symbol, probably of metal, was inserted, was carried by the charioteer. There are two recurring symbols on these monuments: one depicts two animals, and the other, a king or god standing on a bull. As is the case with other practical objects, these banners also served ritual needs. This type of ritual banner was found at Hazor (Stratum Ib). It consists of a silver-coated bronze tablet of approximately 4 in. (10 cm.). The snake goddess, surrounded by various other symbols, is depicted on it in relief. The base of the banner from Hazor was designed to be joined to the top of a pole as were the large banners. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: N. De G. Davies, The Rock Tombs of El-Amarna, 1 (1903), pls. XV, XX, 2 (1905), pl. xvii; J.G. Wilkinson, The Manners and Customs of the Ancient Egyptians, 1 (1878), 195; A.H. Layard, The Monuments of Nineveh, 1 (1853), pls. 10, 11, 19, 22, 27; Y. Yadin et al. (eds.), Hazor, 2 (1959), 109–110; Y. Aharoni, in: Qadmoniot, 1 (1968), 101. (Ze'ev Yeivin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Banner — bezeichnet: Banner (Fahne), eine Fahne mit einem Hoheitszeichen und/oder Wappen Banner (Militärischer Verband), eine taktische Einheit mittelalterlicher Heere Banner (Druck), ein großflächiger Druck, der für Werbung genutzt wird Werbebanner, eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banner — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Banner de wikipedia Un banner (en español: banderola) es un formato publicitario en Internet. Esta forma de publicidad online consiste en incluir una pieza publicitaria dentro de una página web. Pr …   Wikipedia Español

  • banner ad — ban‧ner ad [ˈbænər æd] noun [countable] MARKETING an advertisement that appears across the top of a page on the Internet: • The top part of the screen was taken up by a banner ad for a personalized Internet news service. banner advertising noun… …   Financial and business terms

  • Banner — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Баннер. banner (англ. banner  заголовок, транспарант)  консольная утилита в Unix подобных системах, выводящая указанный текст в виде ASCII art. Существует два варианта программы: одна… …   Википедия

  • banner ad — noun An advertisement positioned across the top of a page on the Internet • • • Main Entry: ↑banner * * * banner ad UK US noun [countable] [singular banner ad plural …   Useful english dictionary

  • banner — Ⅰ. banner UK US /ˈbænər/ noun [C] ► MARKETING a BANNER AD(Cf. ↑banner ad) ► an idea or principle that is strongly supported by someone: »She ran for office under the banner of reform and change. Ⅱ …   Financial and business terms

  • Banner — Ban ner (b[a^]n n[ e]r), n. [OE. banere, OF. baniere, F. banni[ e]re, bandi[ e]re, fr. LL. baneria, banderia, fr. bandum banner, fr. OHG. bant band, strip of cloth; cf. bindan to bind, Goth. bandwa, bandwo, a sign. See {Band}, n.] 1. A kind of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Banner — »Heerfahne«: Mhd. banier‹e› ist aus (a)frz. bannière entlehnt, das unter Einfluss von afrz. banier »öffentlich ankündigen« (zur Sippe von ↑ Bann) über eine roman. Vorform *bandiere »Ort, wo die Fahne aufgestellt wird« auf germ. *bandwōn… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Banner — Sn Fahne erw. fach. (12. Jh.), mhd. banier(e), dann dem deutschen Lautstand angepaßt Entlehnung. Das mittelhochdeutsche Wort ist entlehnt aus frz. bannière f. Heerfahne , das seinerseits eine Weiterbildung zu einer Entlehnung aus dem Germanischen …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Banner — Banner, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 149 Housing Units (2000): 59 Land area (2000): 0.335883 sq. miles (0.869933 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.335883 sq. miles (0.869933 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”